HISTORY OF DIFFERENT GENRES OF MUSIC
Meaning of Music
Music is a combination of different instruments or vocals. It is an art of sound which includes important elements of music like pitch and rhythm.
Genres of Music:
There are different genres of music according to the different music tastes of people. The important genres of music are heavy metal, death metal, Jazz, blues and classical.
History of Heavy Metal:
Heavy Metal introduced in the late 1970s and it is rock music genre. The roots of heavy metal are in psychedelic rock and blues rock. The basic theme of heavy metal is loudness with a thick drum and guitar centered sound. Heavy Metal is the most important form of rock and roll in term of theatricality, machismo and volume. The first bands of heavy metal was Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and Black Sabbath.
In this decade the heavy metal become so famous worldwide and attract fan following. This fan following was recognized as Head Bangers. The Fans create headbangers to appreciate the music of heavy metal and they show their membership by buying heavy metal music albums and attending heavy metal music concerts.
The characteristics of heavy metal include impressive or assertive rhythms, loud writhe guitar, drum sound and powerful vocals. The electric guitar and its sensory power which come from amplifications is the important element of heavy metal.
In 1980s, heavy metal achieves high popularity along with the success of its subgeners like galm matel and thrashes metal. The famous and early band of Galm metal was Motely Crue and thrash metal become famous through the bands like Megadeth, Anthrax and Metallicala.
Heavy metal is still famous nowadays mainly in Continental Europe with continues development in the music world.
History of Death Metal:
Death metal is the subgenre of heavy metal with more aggressive music, darker lyrics and harsh Vocals. Basically it’s a ferocious and transformed type of heavy metal music.
In mid 1980s death metal formed with a musical structure of thrash metal and early black metal. Slayer, Venom and Kreator were the important part in the formation of death metal music. The pioneer of death metal was Possessed and death bands
Possessed band was formed in 1983 and become first popular death metal band for their fast playing style and vocals. Also, in 1983 the death metal band become famous with guitarists Rick Rozz and Chuck Schuldiner and a drummer named Kam Lee.
Along with death and possessed bands, other death metal pioneers include morbid angel, Obituary, Autopsy and Deicide in the United States.
Death metal becomes popular in Sweden in late 1980s with the pioneers God Macabre, Dismember and Carnage. And the popularity of death metal gained its extreme in the era 1992-93 with Obituary, Morbid Angel bands.
The characteristics of death metal music involved mostly two fast playing guitars, drummer and high vocals. The lyrics mostly based on the extreme acts or the darker aspects of the society.
History of Jazz:
Jazz is an art of music and originated in the end of 19th century in Southern United States.
In 1915s, the word “jazz” used for music first time in Chicago and spread in other cities with a passage of time. The first recognized use of word Jazz in New Orleans was in 2009.
The history of Jazz shows the development of jazz music between 19th and 20th century and gradually it becomes popular American music.
The subgenres of jazz include Dixieland, Be pop, Big Band, Jazz fusion, Nu jazz and free Jazz.
Dixieland music form in New Orleans in 1910s and mainly include Early jazz and Hot jazz music style.
Big Band music comes from swing era which consists of brass, wood wind and rhythm instruments. The Big Band includes Jazz band, Dance band, society band and Jazz orchestra. Bepop music originates in 1940s, with a quality of high tempo music. This genre of jazz popular as a synonymous of modern jazz and achieve its maturity in 1960s.
Free jazz become popular genre of jazz in 1950s with a characteristic of primitive or religious music roots and improvisation. Jazz Fusion originates in 1970s, Acid Jazz in 1980s and Nu jazz in 1990s.
Jazz music is not only the phenomena of selecting the tune but it is the music which created with a unique characteristic draws from human emotions and life experiences.
History of Blues:
Blues is a musical form as well as popular music genre originates in American-African communities. The folk music of American-African communities is the origin of blues.
Blues music originates in late 19th century in southern United States. This music is the combination of work songs, chants, field hollers, spirituals and shouts.
The blues music is the result of merge European and African music. The theme and lyrics of blues involves troubles of life with sorrow chants and rhythms. It simply concern with the personal affliction and self pity. This music directly related to control the hardships of life and having fun.
Pioneer of blues was W.C Handy. The musical and poetic form of blues becomes popularized with a dissemination of Handy’s “Memphis blues” in 1912 and “St. Louis blues” in 1914. The song “Crazy blues” was the first vocal blues music recorded by Mamie Smith in 1920s.
T-Bone Walker and B.B King were the pioneers of the guitar style playing with the combination of blues tones and jazz techniques. B.B King with Bukka white, Son house and
Leadbelly created the sound which is today known as unamplified traditional blues.
Robert Cray and late Stevie Ray Vaughan are the modern players of blues who created the listeners of blues form new generation.
History of Classical:
Classical music is the art of music with the roots in secular music and traditions of Western liturgical. The era of classical music is broad from 11th century to present.
The popular practice period of classical music summarize between 1550 and 1900.
The classical period of music was non emotional and balanced and less concerned with dancing style music.
The outstanding characteristic of classical music involves the trend to write the quality music, the composers of classical music are literate in recognizing the notation and writing the music.
The instrumental theme of classical music consists of orchestra with some solo instruments like piano and organ. The symphony orchestra is the central part of classical music.
The early period of classical music involves time divisions like medieval, Renaissance and common practice period.
The common practice period is the popular period when the work of classical music was shaped and standardized.
The classical music period is the part of common practice period and involves many styles, compositions and presentations with the basic theme of piano. Chamber music with 8-10 performers was the important part of classical music.
The popular composers in the classical history include Carl Philipp Emanuel, Wolfgang Amadeus, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Ludwig van Beethoven Johann Christian and Franz Joseph Haydn.